Easy Advertising Media Objectives
How is a media plan developed? Media planning is a four-step process which consists of 1) setting media objectives in light of marketing and advertising objectives, 2) developing a media strategy for implementing media objectives, 3) designing media tactics for realizing media strategy, and 4) proposing procedures for evaluating the effectiveness of the media plan.
Let’s take a look at the planning process through an example: P&G’s launch of the Gillette Fusion shaving system for men in early 2006. First, P&G’s media objectives called for a $200 million media blitz to reach men in the U.S.
Second, P&G’s strategy included a mix of national media to introduce the brands. For example, television advertising, such as a $5 million Super Bowl ad campaign, portrayed Fusion as an advanced technology found in a secret government UFO lab. The TV ads also established the brand’s signature orange and blue color scheme. In store aisles, 180,000 display units promoted Fusion, using the brand’s colors to catch consumers’ attention. “We’re trying to put the product wherever men shop,” said Pauline Munroe, marketing director for blades and razors in P&G’s Gillette business unit.
Third, P&G’s media tactics — such as a Father’s Day sweepstakes, an episode of NBC’s The Apprentice in which the show’s teams competed to promote the razor, and sponsorship of competitive surfing — helped the company reach men of all ages. “Fusion will get so much attention that it will drive a lot of men to try these grooming products,” said Gary Stibel of New England Consulting Group. Finally, P&G used sales and market share targets to assess the effectiveness of the media plan. P&G expects sales of Fusion to reach $1 billion in sales by year three. P&G knows that the brand has already achieved 25% market share in the U.S. Thus, although $200 million seems like a lot to spend on advertising a new product, it represents a sound financial investment toward the tremendous future profit that P&G will gain from the new shaving system.
Now, let’s take a deeper look into the media planning process. Media planning, such as planning the marketing communications for the launch of the Fusion new shaving system, starts with setting media objectives. Media objectives usually consist of two key components: target audience and communication goals. The target audience component of the media objectives defines who is the intended target of the campaign. For example, P&G’s target audience objective for its Fusion shaving system was men 18-40 years old. The communications goals component of the media objectives defines how many of the audience the campaign intends to reach and how many times it will reach them. In short, media objectives are a series of statements that specify what exactly the media plan intends to accomplish. The objectives represent the most important goals of brand message dissemination, and they are the concrete steps to accomplish marketing objectives.
The next two sections (2.1. and 2.2.) provide details on target audience and communication goals. You’ll learn about sources of data to use to identify your target audience. You’ll also learn how to quantify communication plans.